# time_concatenate_pwc

Graph.time_concatenate_pwc(pwc_list, *, name=None)

Concatenate multiple piecewise-constant functions in the time dimension.

Parameters
• pwc_list (list[Pwc]) – The individual piecewise-constant functions $$\{A_i(t)\}$$ to concatenate. All the functions must have the same value shape, and can have broadcastable batch shapes.

• name (str, optional) – The name of the node.

Returns

The concatenated piecewise-constant function (or batch of functions).

Return type

Pwc

pwc

Create piecewise-constant functions.

pwc_sum

Sum multiple Pwcs.

symmetrize_pwc

Symmetrize Pwcs.

time_reverse_pwc

Reverse Pwcs in time.

Notes

The function resulting from the concatenation is

$\begin{split}C(t) = \begin{cases} A_0(t) & \mathrm{for} & 0 < t < \tau_0 \\ A_1(t - \tau_0) & \mathrm{for} & \tau_0 < t < \tau_0 + \tau_1 \\ A_2(t - \tau_0 - \tau_1) & \mathrm{for} & \tau_0 + \tau_1 < t < \tau_0 + \tau_1 + \tau_2 \\ & \vdots & \end{cases}\end{split}$

where $$\tau_i$$ is the duration of the i-th function.

For more information on Pwc nodes see the Working with time-dependent functions in Boulder Opal topic.

Examples

Concatenate two piecewise-constant functions.

>>> pwc1 = graph.pwc(durations=np.array([0.2, 0.5]), values=np.array([1, 2]))
>>> pwc2 = graph.pwc(durations=np.array([0.7, 0.9]), values=np.array([3, 4]))
>>> graph.time_concatenate_pwc([pwc1, pwc2], name="concat")
<Pwc: name="concat", operation_name="time_concatenate_pwc", value_shape=(), batch_shape=()>
>>> result = qctrl.functions.calculate_graph(graph=graph, output_node_names=["concat"])
>>> result.output["concat"]
[
{'value': 1.0, 'duration': 0.2},
{'value': 2.0, 'duration': 0.5},
{'value': 3.0, 'duration': 0.7},
{'value': 4.0, 'duration': 0.9},
]