square_pulse

The Boulder Opal Toolkits are currently in beta phase of development. Breaking changes may be introduced.

square_pulse(duration, amplitude, start_time=0.0, end_time=None)

Create a Pulse object representing a square pulse.

Parameters
  • duration (float) – The duration of the pulse.

  • amplitude (float or complex) – The amplitude of the square pulse, \(A\).

  • start_time (float, optional) – The start time of the square pulse, \(t_0\). Defaults to 0.

  • end_time (float, optional) – The end time of the square pulse, \(t_1\). Must be greater than the start time. Defaults to the duration.

Returns

The square pulse.

Return type

Pulse

See also

pulses.cosine_pulse()

Create a Pulse object representing a cosine pulse.

pulses.gaussian_pulse()

Create a Pulse object representing a Gaussian pulse.

pulses.sech_pulse()

Create a Pulse object representing a hyperbolic secant pulse.

pulses.square_pulse_pwc()

Graph operation to create a Pwc representing a square pulse.

Notes

The square pulse is defined as

\[\mathop{\mathrm{Square}}(t) = A \theta(t-t_0) \theta(t_1-t) ,\]

where \(\theta(t)\) is the Heaviside step function.

Examples

Define a square pulse and discretize it.

>>> pulse = qctrl.pulses.square_pulse(
...     duration=4.0, amplitude=2.5, start_time=1.0, end_time=3.0
... )
>>> pulse.export_with_time_step(time_step=1.0)
array([0. , 2.5, 2.5, 0. ])